IGF 2022 Day 3 Open Forum #56 Enhance International Cooperation on Data-Driven Digital Economy

The following are the outputs of the captioning taken during an IGF intervention. Although it is largely accurate, in some cases it may be incomplete or inaccurate due to inaudible passages or transcription errors. It is posted as an aid, but should not be treated as an authoritative record.



>> YIK CHAN CHIN: To everybody, welcome to here.  So we are going to start.  Just a few minutes more.  Okay?  Thank you.

>> LI YUXIAO: Professor Chin?

Okay, ladies and gentlemen, it's been great to meet you online and offline.  I'm Li Yuxiao.  Enhancing in the national cooperation and data driven economy, and hosted by Bureau of International Cooperation of Cyberspace Administration of China.

The forum today will be cochaired by me and Ms. Yik Chan Chin, Associate Professor, Beijing Normal University.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Okay.  Thank you.  I think we have some technical problem.  Okay?  Can we just hold on for a few minutes because we have simultaneous interpretation moment.  I think we have a problem.  So just give us two minutes more, okay?  Can you hear me?  Can you hear me?

>> LI YUXIAO: Yes.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Just for two minutes because I think we have a technical problem.

>> LI YUXIAO: Oh, okay.  I see.  Mm‑hmm.  So let's go on.  So today the world is experiencing unprecedented changes in country.  It carries global economy.  The digital economy has been increasingly integrated in ‑‑ and the social development in all fields.  It's becoming a key for us in restructuring global factory resources and changing the global economy.

We are improving by leaps and bounds.  There's the digital divide and at the same time, several spaces are increasing more progress.  Leveraging digital structure with digital governance accountability, and there's a digital latency.  Against this backdrop, the forum will provide an opportunity to gather our experts here to discuss the topic such as digital economy and the digital connectivity for all.  Digital and the data governance in digital economy and the sharing of China's efforts to promote international cooperation on digital economy.  With efforts to jointly promote in the national cooperation in digital economy and to build a closer community with shared future in cyberspace.

So first of all, I suggest our guest speaker to turn on your camera and say hi.  Okay?

To everybody.  Please I hope you can turn on your camera.  And also I hope that you can wave your hand to all.

Okay, thank you Yanqing.  Thank you.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Just a moment.  We just fixed the problem.  So now everything should be okay.  Okay.  So yes.  Can I just ‑‑ welcome, I want to welcome you to our workshop open forum and international cooperation ‑‑ enhance international cooperation on data‑driven digital economy.  So I just wanted to say something because we have simultaneous interpretation.  So therefore, when some speaker was speaking in Chinese, they were interpreting in English.  Okay?  So no problem.

So we will pass the time to Yuxiao. Can you please invite our first speaker?

>> LI YUXIAO: Okay.  Now let's start our platform.  And I must say that due to the limiting time, every speaker please make sure your speech is delivered within six minutes.  So all of our guest speakers will have enough time to share their opinion.  Thank you.

And the first today we are honored to have our Mr. Xu Feng here with us.  He is the deputy Director General of the international cooperation bureau, Cyberspace Administration of China.  Let's applaud to welcome Mr. Xu.


>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Well, we cannot hear him.  Is he speaking?

>> LI YUXIAO: No, I don't hear also.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: I think he has to unmute himself.

>> LI YUXIAO: Yeah.  Maybe ‑‑ okay.

>> XU FENG: Can you hear me?

>> LI YUXIAO: Yes.  Yes.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Yes.  Very clear.  Please also open your screen.  You can let us see you.

>> XU FENG: Actually, I cannot open my camera because of the restriction I think maybe.  I don't know the problem.

>> LI YUXIAO: Okay.  You can just give us your ‑‑

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: You can open your audio, video.

Yes, yes, give him the cohost, please.

Now it should be okay.  (Speaking in Chinese).

>> XU FENG: Okay.  Okay.  Thank you.  Good morning.  Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen.  It gives me great pleasure to join you at the 17th United Nations Internet Governance Forum, #56, open forum to exchange views on the topic of enhancing international cooperation on data‑driven digital economy, achieving digital connectivity and common prosperity.  As the Deputy Director of Cyberspace Administration of China, I would like to welcome all the guest participants online and in person.

As the Chinese president stated, as the industry transformation in this era has been increasingly integrated into all aspects of economic and social development.  Profoundly changing people's way of life, protection and social governance from digital infrastructure building digital transformation in society, to application of new technologies such as 5G and the Internet of Things.  From Asia and signing RCEP, and working and joining DEPA and the CPTPP, China is always committed to promoting balance and coordinated and inclusive cooperation, taking an active part of governance of digital economy, and advocating shared benefits and promoting mutual beneficial administration to share the development outcomes of digital economy.

Recently, China has released the white paper on jointly building a community with a shared future in cyberspace, which introduces China's vision of Internet development and the governance in the new era, and its actions, shares its achievements in promoting of building of community in cyberspace, and outlines the prospects for the international cooperation.

China has always been committed to promoting the building of peaceful, secure, open, cooperative, and open cyberspace, by carrying out the international cooperation in the cyber field.  This open forum aims to build a bridge of communication and exchanges to explore digital connectivity for all, and the development of digital economy, calling on stakeholders to work with the international community for more unity and cooperation.

Another goal of this forum is to share China's experience in developing digital economy, so as to promote a steady development of digital cooperation and foster an enabling international environment for the development of the digital economy.  Taking this opportunity, I would like to share with you some of my perspectives.

First, we need to uphold connectivity and digital connectivity for all, with the digital economy development and the globalization, the economic and social well‑being of countries in the world is closely ‑‑ closely intertwined.  In recent years, countries around the world has made remarkable achievements in accelerating digital infrastructure buildings, improving Internet and promoting interconnection, which has created new opportunities for their economic roles and the digital transformation.  And to blaze new trails for sustainable developments.  Under the guidance of the vision of building a community with the filter in cyberspace, we are willing to deepen exchanges and cooperation ‑‑ (Background noise) with other countries, continue to expand economic and exchanges and promote the interconnection and the digital infrastructure, enhance the connection for all and the sustainable development of digital economy.

Second, we need no uphold and join the contribution and promote the roles for international governance.  At present, it's facing unbalanced development, inadequate roles and inequitable order.

It has become an international consensus to strengthen cooperation in Internet Governance among countries.  China firmly safeguards the international system with the United Nations as its core and the international law order underpinned by international law.

China has initiated the Global Development Initiative and other international cooperation agreements deeply engaged in the formulation of international roles for this economy.  Besides, we stepped up our efforts to enhance exchanges and cooperation with the international community to accelerate the process of improving global governance system for digital economy.  To build a healthy and sustainable ecology for the digital economy and facilitate the building of international roles for data governance.

We need to share the fruits of digital economy.  At present, the world still faces lots of difficulties and uncertainties in economic recovery.

Against this backdrop, we have always adhered to putting people first, strengthened digital infrastructure building, make good use of data, and improve the legal system for cybersecurity.  Promoting the and speeding up the digital economy.  At the same time, China has actively assumed international responsibility by enhancing digital exchanges and cooperation with other couldn't tries and promoting the common prosperity for digital economy so as to enable the benefits of the information technology shared by all who manage it.

Dear guests and friends, digital economy has become an important driving force to support global economic development currently and in the future.  China is willing to work with other countries to deepen international cooperation, in digital economy, or interconnection and the common prosperity on the basis of common development, mutual benefits and the universal security.

Hopefully this open forum will build a platform for us to exchange and share wisdom and insights in this field, promote international digital cooperation, and jointly usher in a new stage for global digital economy.

Last but not least, I wish this forum a big success.  Thank you.

>> LI YUXIAO: Thank you for your inspiring address, Mr. Xu.  Now we will give the floor to professor Yik Chan Chin.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Thank you.  For the second part, I will chair the second part of the guest speakers.  We have five guest speakers who will deliver their different presentations and speech.

Okay.  So the first one, we ‑‑ we welcome Latif Ladid, who is the President of IPv6 Forum, please play his ‑‑ because he is ‑‑ he recorded his presentation.  So we have to play, you know, the presentation on behalf of his presence.  Okay?  Please.

>> LATIF LADID: Good morning to you from Luxembourg.  I'm Latif Ladid, IPv6 Forum, founder and president, as well as its IPE, ISG chair.

I would share with you a couple of thoughts primarily on IPv6, the international cooperation, and the projects that exist between China and the EU.

So first of all, IPv6 is now practically booming.  We have now crossed 50% worldwide IPv6 penetration.  3.5 billion people are using IPv6 and probably don't know it.  The biggest deployer is China with more than 700 million IPv6, using primarily 4G and also 5G.  And more than 80% of 5G is deployed in China as well as India with 350 million IPv6 users.

It shows that Asia is leaping frog in becoming the first continent, if not, you know, two‑thirds of the IPv6 world would be running into the country.

This is fundamental for the deployments of many new technologies such as ICT, 5G, and data transparency, since the end‑to‑end model has been restored and many new applications that are very important in the future, such as blockchain for all kinds of the supply chains, such as food and logistics and medical and so on.

So these areas are going to be handled primarily through the end‑to‑end model of IPv6, which is very important.

Now, in terms of data sovereignty, I think the model of the European Commission, which is the GAIA‑X and I would highly recommend that all use this platform, also taking into account GDPR rules which give certain privacy to the data of every single user.  This is really a fundamental way forward to move that.

So the international cooperation between all nations is fundamental as the Internet is an open platform, so with IPv6 we are able to communicate end‑to‑end with each other so that peering has happened so far at the ISP level.  Now the peering should happen at the end user level.  So end user peer‑to‑peer is really the next step for innovations in many, many applications in the future.

And data sovereignty is really fundamental as each country now should really archive its data in its country and not leave it up to international companies to expose your data due to other policies of the other countries.  So let's find ‑‑ find any of them, but they should also comply to these rules.

The international cooperation between ‑‑ especially between China and EU is really fundamental.  One very good project is the Macaw, and run by the Beijing Institute led by our VP for the IPv6 Forum Worldwide, that's Mr. Yudong, and I really appreciate the work he's doing on it to get certain serious operation between the European Union and China.  That's the way forward for all of us.  I know we have a hard time these days talking to each other, but those are only temporary.

Those who are promoting peace and prosperity and business opportunities for all countries at the same level.  So I would expect this kind of cooperation between these two countries are going to be a symbol of cooperation for the other countries to follow.  So that everyone is on the same wagon.  So I ‑‑ I appreciate your invitation to be part of this session.  And I wish you an excellent discussion among you.  And I hope to read the minutes of your session very soon.

Have a great conference.  Thank you.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Okay.  Thank you, President Latif's presentation and for his best wish to our workshop.

So next, we would like to invite ‑‑ because I think we have some issues about ‑‑ yeah.  We would like to invite Yahya Salah member of the board and executive manager of the Palestinian Chinese friendship association.  His topic is on achieving common development in cyberspace, deepening collaboration in the digital economy and achieving communication and common prosperity.

Okay, please welcome Yahya, the executive manager of the Palestinian Chinese friendship Association.  Thank you.

>> YAHYA SALEH: Honorable attendees, ladies and gentlemen, first of all, let me tell you about a situation that happened to me during the current pandemic, COVID‑19 2020.  At that time, we were in my city in Ramallah, Palestine, and we were forbidden to leave our home.

I had nothing but the Internet and virtual world and I started searching the Internet, browsing social media.  And seen, turned to groups of we chat of foreigners with ties to China, and we begin exchange personal experiences and information.  And everyone provided data about some products, especially during that period, medical and health products.  They were highly demanded in the global market, and we succeeded closing some commercial deals.

This cyberspace has been used to exchange products, provide them and closing successfully deals.  I'm still involved in multiple groups that are concerned to global trade and exchange opportunities.

Therefore, in order to develop and benefit global ‑‑ globally from cyberspace, international cooperation must take place in cyberspace and benefits from the initiative on China, Africa, jointly building community with a shared future in cyberspace.  To become a global initiative.

Because of its comprehensiveness, clarity, transparency, and world mutual benefits, thus I would like to emphasize some of the following points.  One, development and improving the value of access of the Internet.  Two, development public service on information and communication technology.  Integration of the digital image with industrial development, ensure drawing security and enhanced mutual strategies confident in cyberspace and protecting its critical information infrastructure.

Five, improving the management of personal information, security, and defining international cooperation in the field of combatting cybercrime and cyber terrorism.

Six, under the framework of the United Nations, in the global governance, shared in the basic information management of the Internet on the equal footing concerning the mutual benefits of the cyberspace, especially eCommerce.

It provides more opportunities for small businesses in the digital economy, and world cooperation.

Eight, guiding the world into a common market that displays its products and services in cyberspace.  So cyber would make networking and a fair communication for everyone to experience the benefits towards the world.

Nine, privacy in dealing with digital content for each digital region.  Each country has its own peculiarities and traditions that differ from country to country, Region to region.  

Ten, perceiving personal freedom in digital content that does not exceed the freedom of others.

11, mutual respect in cyberspace.  This ideologies of each society are respective and safe.  Customs and traditions are respected.

12, develop cybersecurity to be a cyber resilience, protect itself to recover from cyber attacks.

The international community must operate in this cyberspace so that prosperity of everyone without exception.  We must cooperate by everyone to overcome the dangers and difficulties facing the world and achieve justice and prosperity for all.

Finally, I support and encourage Chinese president of building a community with a shared future of humanity in cyberspace as well.  Thank you and good‑bye.

>> LI YUXIAO: Thank you.  Thank you for your insightful speech, Mr. Yahya Saleh.  So now let's work among the professor, Yik Chan Chin and she's the associate professor from Beijing Normal University to give us a speech.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Actually, I'm on site.

Excuse me, can you play my PPT?  Yes, thank you.

Is it ready?

Can you play my PPT?  The PowerPoint, please.

So I will talk about from a gender perspective.  As we said the global forum is also about gender issues.  So my talk is about building inclusive digital ecosystems, not about in China, but just general because gender issues is important in terms of digital ecosystem.

And so as I said, gender inclusive of the gender is a global challenge for all the countries, not only in China or in developing world as well.  So if you look at OECD report, they said women are underrepresented in ICT jobs, top management and academic careers.  So men are four times more likely than women to be the ICT specialist.  Okay?

This is a report from the OECD.  So if we look at that, this is a statistic from the UK, the United Kingdom.  We can see even in terms of pay, the general pay, we can see that more women work part time than men, but men experience the most growth in part‑time wages including IT.  So in terms of labor market, women have more ‑‑ they are part time because of different ‑‑ like the family ‑‑ to look after their family, okay?  So the majority of mothers work in the UK, but women are paid less, even as a part time workers.  They are paid less than men.

And if we look at different officials, women account for more than 40% of the workforce but hold less than 2% of the top management positions.  So actually, if they want to do a promotion between men and woman, usually the woman has to receive a higher performance rating than promoting men to get senior positions.  And also minority women are particularly at risk, you know, women from the ethnical minority groups.  They have a small percentage of management and private sector positions.

And the other thing ‑‑ the main barrier for not having a mentor.  Mentor this is ‑‑ you have some someone to guide you to climb the clear ladders and the lack of informal networking.  Networking is also important in terms of senior management jobs.  And lack of company role models for, and not getting access to the high‑visibility assignments.  And this goes to the gender bias, you know, and the equal payments between men and women.

So that's one of the issues glass ceilings.  So I think we have many women renting here.  Maybe you have your own experience about the glass ceiling as well.

What does it take for the women to progress in the IT.  Perception about a woman's potential so what is our role?  We have a different society, a different culture and different perception with the women's role and the potential in society.  And also there's a -- for example, you have a male boss or ‑‑ I mean, the board of directors, if the majority of them, if they are willing to recruit a female members because they have their perception about what are capable senior management.  This is also an issue about stereotypes.

As I said, that's the other reason, absent over role model and career information and guidance, and career breaks.  For example, if you have children, you will get maternity leave which usually takes one year or two year.  Will you manage to come back after one year or two years gap.  I think it's challenging.

So we have to care about our family and elderly people, the elderlies and the children.  And so this is also our responsibility.

And full‑time working being the norm.  This is very difficult if we work as part‑time.  So therefore, we should provide more flexibility for part‑time workers, you know, allow us to have flexible working hours and lack of talent planning.  If we would like to build up some fast‑tracking outstanding female candidate, allow them to have a fast‑tracking career promotions and in terms of mentoring and networking opportunities for female executives.

I think many, many surveys point out this is up with of the most important factors to actually undermine women's career opportunity, the lack of networking and mentoring.  I don't know why, but it seems like we lack this type of capacity and opportunities.

So I want to give you one example, Africa, not in China, okay, because if you want a Chinese case, I will tell you a Chinese case.  I want to give you some example what Africa country, how do they help to, you know, bring ‑‑ bridge the gaps between women and men.

So this is two examples.  Supporting the digital gender gap in Africa, Africa Technological Business Network, ATBN, and in another discussion, they point out the barriers for women.  We found this quite similar from the findings we found from UK, and the EU countries as well.  For example, as I said, cultural norms, the society structures, lack of the role model and the woman‑centered support.  We think that the digital economy ecosystem is similar to what we found in the UK.  And therefore, what has been done, they developed the future of Africa, a woman‑centered program to help women.  And a book, in the technology sector as a role model.

If you need a role model, then publish a book to address the career in the technology setting.  And so this is the role item.  And the woman‑centered design.  Enables digital innovation.  For example, they do the surveys to the members.  And what typier type of needs.  They idea three things.  Mentorship, and leadership and community development and networking opportunity.  So mentors comes out as the priorities.  That's very interesting and also they create an initiative to train and equip the women with the technological skills and develop the woman's leadership and give them support in terms of the financial findings, okay?

It's very interesting and how do you then mobilize the international level, which would help the Africa woman to get more knowledge and skill.  They mobilize the people and the organization with diverse resource, for example, expertise and the compatibility to coordinate efforts to driving the systemic change.

For example, they have a coalition for digital he equality.  They have the African digital ecosystem actors and policymakers in the UK academic and help them address the digital gender divide in Africa.

Assistance from the other society, from the other countries and also very helpful in terms of the address the gender gaps.

What is the challenge?  We have to think why we need this closing the gender gap, what are men fit?  So everybody and every company has to think this question and so we will not see the impact overnight, but this is a recognition, not only the culture and the social norms that dictate and it challenges the way you work, and tackling the inequality where we see it, and making sure we are talking that talk.  It's inferenced by the cultural norms.  That's what I want to say.  And so I give it back to Mr. Yuxiao Li.  And now we'll go to Professor Yiwei, he's the director of the institute of the international affairs at the Renmin University of China.

Okay, professor?

>> WANG YIWEI: Thank you.  My presentation is on the Digital Silk Road in the post COVID‑19 era, even though the COVID is still going on, but we thinking about the future.  What is the future?  Some people say it's globalization and regionalization.  And the new cold war, but I think it's transitioning to green globalization.  The problem is more than 80% of the people are living in countries.  Those people suffer the most from the globalization late and less from the prosperity of globalization.  This map do not vacillate enough.

There's 1 billion people without enough electricity and 270 million people cannot access to Internet.  So when we talk about online education, online conference, global connectivity revolution, those people suffered a lot without enough electricity, and they couldn't access the Internet.  Now people more work at home, remote working, remote ‑‑ remote, you know, conference, all this.  So this is a map of the world at night.  The brightness is scattered Central America, and coastal areas.  And land locked areas, they are living in darkness.  So that's a reality.  Internet makes this world more equal.  So that's the advanced economies.

And this is submarine cable, connected between US and Europe Transatlantic, but Africa, Latin America, actually, not so many connections and in 2016, far away ocean, we had the first connected Cameroon and Brazil.  And so mutual connectivity between different countries and to bridge the gaps and achieve the goal of the sustainable development.  It was under 30.  China achieved all the goals 10 years earlier.

So the Chinese modernization, actually now it's very attractive to other developing countries and it's only one‑third of the south African countries, even less.  So the China experience is we said industrial digitalization, digital industrialization.  So combined together and President Xi Jinping identified this.  And what is the purpose, it's to build the committee of the future and to benefit all the people.  These are the traditional of Chinese culture.

So from Chinese modernization and then the Belt and Road initiative and the global security initiative for a shared future.  That's Chinese model.  And Confucius said if one wishes to stand one's own ‑‑ and if we want to get rich, build roads first.  If you want to get richer, build the motor road.  If you want to get richest, build the Internet road.  And if you want to get rich together, like the African people, one person, you can walk fast, but all peoples work together, you can walk farther and reach the long destination.

So that's the Belt and Road initiative to bridge the gaps in the digital world and the information barrier and the digital divide.  Look this map, Eurasian be continent, the developing countries, they also have the gap between, you know, advanced Internet and less development in the Internet.  So how to bridge this gap in Eurasia continent and that's the Belt and Road initiatives have launched.  But now extend to Africa, Latin America to be global.  So China has a bridge to the gap.

And there are five pillars for the BRI, the Belt and Road initiative.  So we have a dream as other working countries as well and facilities incentives and people‑to‑people bonds.

Actually, those five pillars basically focusing on the potential of developing countries.  Look at this map, the GDP, agriculture, and it's very unbalanced.  But here's the potential.  Most of those countries are behind.  If China can achieve the goal, why not China and other BRI countries.  And so the infrastructure.  So basically BRI focuses on the infrastructure first.  Power, telecom and airport, and all of this, can chair a similar experience of China openly and in reform.  And so on the base of that, the Chinese government launched the digital circular initiative so far more than 17 countries joined including African countries.

And this is the source of cooperation.  When the Chinese modernization to help the Global South to reach the goal of the SDG in the digital world.  Otherwise, those countries it will be poor and poor.  It will be more modernized.  When people talk about AI and blockchain countries, those countries don't have enough.

For example, now the Chinese watch the World Cup in Qatar.  If you don't have electricity or TV, how can you watch the game in Qatar.  So there's some priorities in East Africa, like Kenya, central and Eastern European Countries and ASEAN and Malaysia.

That's basically the Chinese dream of the closing ceremony of the winter Olympic games in Beijing.  That was the motto:  One family.  Also because of the Belt and Road initiatives and so international Olympic games we acted together as the full slogan.

I think we need to work together to reach the goal of the SDG and channel not private companies bust enterprises like China telecom in Philippines and Africa to build Internet.  And that's very important and brimming the gaps to meet the goals.  And there's some books on the BRI and thank you for your attention.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Thank you for the Silk Road, and next we will invite Mr. Zhang Bin, who is the general manager of Security Management and Operation Center of China's Mobile Communication Group.  So he will talk about how do we ‑‑ how does China will conduct the digital economy, international cooperations and also interconnectivities at the global stage.  Okay.  Can we please play Mr. Zhang Bin's video?  He delivered his speech by video.  Thank you.

>> ZHANG BIN:  I'm so happy to attend the 17th IGF forum.  It was once said that we need to appreciate the beauty of each civilization and achieve common harmony under the sky.  I really love his words.  So I have chosen the topic of my presentation, value, appreciate each other's beauty and achieve common prosperity.  I want to talk about deepen being cooperation.

In August this cheer, the chairman, who is the chairperson of China Mobile, announced at the 5G conference that energy and information are the two main lives that drove the development of human civilization.  That progresses the civilization.  This is the result of international innovation, of technologies and the use of energy and the generation and the application of information.  The underlying tone is the advancement of science and technology and the different stages of human civilization.  We are showing different characteristics especially in the era of information, and the accelerating of information has expanded the rich diversity and infinite possibilities of human social development, triggering this with what?  Bits.

This is the first ongoing process.  5G, AI, cloud computing represented by new generation of new innovation technologies has accelerated the fusion and the integration of people's livelihood and it's become an indispensable development productivity.  It's promoting the labor and the labor materials and the labor object to undergo profound changes.  First, the so called emerging new infrastructure, provide for transmission storage and process the whole chains of services and it results in government and implication, super position and multiplication.  Third, the new production tools to promote the realization of quality change and efficiency and the power change.

The second ongoing process that is the development of the digital economy which is moving along the fast lane.  The digital economy for 47 countries had added value of $38.1 trillion, accounting for 45% of total GDP.  In terms of growth rate, the global digital economy will grow by 15.6%.  Structurally, it's reaching 85% mark.  China's digital economy has shown rapid development, reaching 45.5 trillion UN, accounting for 39.8% for the GDP and the digital economy is an important engine for the economic growth.

The third ongoing process is the scale of data which is growing exponentially, according to analytics, the data will 175 Zettabyte and it will reach 2142 Zettabyte in 2024, China's date of growth is most rapid, higher than the global average, annual growth of 3% and expect to reach 48.6 Zettabyte, and 27.8%, expected to be the largest data circle.  The fourth ongoing is data security is facing huge challenges.  On one hand, the data leaks are high and frequent with the leaks and reports reported last year, leading up to 40 billion pieces of data, on the other hands, the means of attack continue to upgrade.  Supply chain pollution, and ransom attacks and other attacks have brought serious threats to data security.

In this context, the fifth ongoing is data governance has become the focus of the world's attention.  The US, EU, UK, Japan, and other major economies around the world are reeling, utilizing and controlling data as a strategic resource by introducing national data improving domestic data legislation and enhancing international data cooperation and focusing on the cross‑border know of data.

Of course, data governance is a key concern to China.  Since 2016, the country has improved its legal and regulatory system, refining its work rule, deepening its exploration and the practice in multiple fields and scenarios promoted the systemization, standardization and the legislation of data governance.  We call on the world to achieve a community of shared future.  Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasized that China is willing to work with all countries in the world to accelerate the building of a community of shared future in cyberspace and contribute Chinese wisdom and strength to the peaceful development of the world.  The construction of a community of shared future in cyberspace is not a close, independent work and requires joint efforts of all countries in the world through three common things.  First, consensus.  All countries need to respect each other.  And seek common ground while preserving differences, and set common rules and appreciate the beauty and the diversity of each civilization in the digital economy era.

Pat the second is a shared governance, enhance mutual trust and the circle of France, continue to strengthen the international cooperation.  The third is win/win.  We share the results of governance and work together to promote the civilizations and digital economy.

Finally coming back to the 16 word, the beauty of each other should be appreciated.  Once the beauty is appreciated, the world will become whole.  I look forward to work with you to achieve common prosperity under the sky.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: So next, we would like to welcome Professor Hong Yanqing.  So Professor Hong is an expert of international law.  And he's a member of the advisory committee on international law of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China.  So Professor Hong, the time is yours.

You have to unmute yourself.  You have to unmute yourself.  (Speaking in Chinese).

>> HONG YANQING: Okay.  Thank you for having me in this open forum.  My topic and presentation is about cross‑border data flow.  We all know that more and more trade and goods and service rely on ICT technology, which in turn produces massive data and requires cross border data flow in order to complete the trade.  We know that more and more countries are regulating the location of data storage and the cross‑border data flow to prevent security risk to data itself, to people or to society and the countries.  And therefore, we need to have an institution or mechanism to bridge the gap.

Among all of this legally shown instrument and mechanism to sustain the cross-border data flow is there's a certification to give cross‑border data flow a data processing activity a sign of trust, which hosts for a period of time, mostly two years or more.

Here we have most ‑‑ the most mature mechanism, the binding corporate rules.  The applicant body in EU submits its internal rules did to DPA for certification.  Once the DPA gives the certification, the data can share.

And then the other one is the privacy shield agreement again the E U. and the US.  The EU sets a rule for processing data in the US and the US applies the compliance with this rule to commerce department of the US.  This governs one direction of data flow.  That's of data from EU to the other country.

We all know that this is generally requires two ways of data transfer to complete an operation.  So ideally it would be good to fulfill the requirement of two or more countries at the same time.  And this requires international cooperation.  And currently, the CBPR systems stand as such an example.  Each participating economies grant certification to applicant companies within its own jurisdiction and the rule is all the same, which is APEC policy framework.

Unfortunately, the APEC work seems a bit outdated.  And it doesn't provide adequate robust protection for data.  And so finally, I would like to offer my suggestion for the Belt and Road initiative.  First, we start from the more than legal instrument for data protection, as GDPR which offers better protection than the APEC privacy framework to for to form the basis for rule of data protection.  And amending such a rule to reach the broadest content us is.  Third, adapt from the enforcement of CBPR, I think we can have a mechanism to sustain the digital along the belt road and one road initiative.

This concludes my presentation.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Thank you.  It's very clear about the data flow.

Next, we would like to invite ‑‑ just a moment, we would like to invite Mr. Wang Junfeng, his topic is the challenge and the continuity of digital economy and promoting international consensus on digital governance.  He's the global chairman of King & Wood Mallesons.  And the President of the Belt and Road International Lawyer Association.  So please welcome.

>> YOUNG-WOO YUN: Leaders and guests.  Good afternoon.  I'm privileged to have the opportunity to attend 2022 Internet Governance Forum to exchange views with all participants and global development of the digital economy.

There constitutes a shared commitment and responsibility of the internet ‑‑ the international community to develop utilize and manage the Internet to maximize its places to benefit mankind and to promote, to coordinate the promotion of the global digital economy.

Currently, the globalization of the digital economy is in the ascendant and international digital cooperation, it's progressively intensified while we are simultaneously aware that global development that they are facing, and we have to catalyze global digital governance forum.

Firstly, trading in data as a new competitive resource has a host of new problems for instance, regarding individuals, they have authorized illegal data transactions may lead to the infringement of individuals rights and the interest in their personal information and the protection of personal privacy will be severely challenged.

Regarding the leakage of trade secrets, probably ignored in data that is the digital monopoly, without it ‑‑ regarding the data security, it's directly related to data security in the effective management and the regulation may also jeopardize the national and social public interest.

Secondly, the communication for data sovereignty among countries and world arena has intensified and conflict of jurisdiction and law enforcement has become increasingly evident.

Countries have successfully enacted data protection jurisdiction and have established the rules of data cross border jurisdiction beyond the traditional space.  However, based on data security ‑‑ the localization strategy has inevitably become one of the new tools and the regulatory approaches.  The cross-border transfer requirements created by countries around the world, around data sovereignty, along with the long arm enforcement rules often inevitably lead to difficulties and must be confronted and resolved in the international digital cooperation and the development.

Finally, due to various starting points and views, countries around the globe may differ significantly in the protection and the regulatory status on personal information and data.  It's an urgent issue to be tackled to equally and unequally for the differences caused by the various economic phases and cultures in countries and regions.

It's also imperative to agree to disagree and coordinate different data regulatory requirements.  It's our consistent belief that the establishment of international rules for digital governance based on consultation, may contribute to conquering the stakeholders to the data flow achieved by the digital economy.

On the one hand, we shall proficiently pursue common benefits in a digital economy and promote dialogue towards consensus and secure flow of data around the globe.  On the other hand, we can maximize the cooperation, the strength of international rules and contribute wisdom and solution to the rules for digital governance.

Aiming for a better cyberspace that we live to our children.  Today we gather here to hear, to exchange, to accommodate and to work together, work with each other.  How shall we succeed.

Thank you.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: So thank you.

Now we pass the time to General Secretary Yuxiao for his closing remarks.

>> LI YUXIAO: Due to the limited time, thank you all for your participation.  Our Cybersecurity Association of China is dedicated to protecting cybersecurity.  As the Secretary General says and the host of this forum, I would like to deliver a concluding speech of this forum.  The digital infrastructure is one of the key aspects to promote the development of the digital economy.  It provides key support and the innovation momentum for the economy and the society.  China has actively participated in the national governance by joining the G2 economic development and the cooperation initiative.  The global development initiative or GDI and other international cooperation agreements we have also deeply participated in the formulations of international rules for digital economy and the exchanges and the collaboration with some countries to acknowledge standards and politicians aspects.  To this end we hereby call on all stakeholders to their responsibility further enhance the exchanges and the cooperation.  On the step up efforts and building and sharing the digital economy.

We encourage all stakeholders to formulate relevant legislation under the frameworks the United Nations, taking concrete actions to break down the barriers and bridge the digital divide and allow all kinds to participate in the digital economy.

It's hoped that is our plan from the build by the UN IGF will play a more important role in this process.  Guide more people to participate in.  The cornerstones are at the digital governance.  And make industrial development and the cooperation of digital economy development.

At the same time, we call on concerted efforts for the digital economy governance promote the construction of a new global governance order and jointly explore the coordinated and collaborative international cooperation.  And exchange the mechanisms for digital economy.  In this way, we can guide development to ensure the healthy and sustainable development of digital economy for all.

That's all for my speech.  And I want to say thank you all again for your active participation.  Thank you for my co‑host, colleague, Professor Chin, and all of our guest speakers.  Also, I wanted to say thanks to our captioner Tracy.  Thank you.

We can look forward to meeting you again next year.  That's all for today.  Thank you.

>> YIK CHAN CHIN: Thank you.  Sorry because we are running out of time, they already asked us to leave.

So just as a reminder, tomorrow morning we also have ‑‑ at 9:30, we have a workshop, which is 90 minutes, workshop in terms of digital assets and digital divide for the elderly people in China.  You are welcome to join us at 9:30.  Thank you for coming.  Thank you.  We have to finish here.  Thank you.  Bye.

>> LI YUXIAO: Thank you, bye.