IGF 2022 DC-CIV DC-CIV: Geopolitical neutrality of the Global Internet

DC

Dynamic Coalition on Core Internet Values

Round Table - U-shape - 90 Min

Description

The Core Internet Values, which comprise the technical architectural values by which the Internet is built and evolves, and derives what can be called ‘social’ or, in other words, ‘universal’ values that emerge from the way the Internet works.

The Internet is a global medium open to all, regardless of geography or nationality. It's interoperable because it's a network of networks. It doesn't rely on a single application. It relies on open protocols such as TCP/IP and BGP. It's free of any centralized control, except for the needed coordination of the Domain Name System. It's end to end, so traffic from one end of the network to the other end of the network goes unhindered. It's user centric, and users have control over what they send and receive. And it's robust and reliable.

These values have been under stress due to various developments, during the Pandemic and came under stress at the start of the war in Ukraine. The Internet Community was under pressure with calls to "block" Russia from the Internet, and among various technical demands, to take down the former Soviet Russia's country code top level domain .SU and the current country code top level domain .RU.

ICANN and the Regional Internet Registry RIPE NCC, declined to be drawn into a debate on a geographical Internet shutdown, which is antithetical to their core operating values of neutrality and impartiality. The Internet is a Network of Networks, global, not only in a geographical context, but by several shades of the term 'global' in terms of being free of cultural, ideological, political bias, and global in terms of the technologies that converge into it. The decision taken was to separate geopolitics from the Internet which would make the Internet into two or more 'Splinternets' in place of the unfathomably valued One Internet.

The questions that the 2022 IGF meeting of the Dynamic Coalition of Core Internet Values seeks to examine include:

- is the Internet technical architecture and infrastructure as currently defined able to impose sanctions?
- is the Internet management/administration as currently defined able/willing to impose sanctions
- indeed, should it impose sanctions - knowing these would break Core Internet Values?

What path could the Internet’s Governance take in the future: is the future that of assuming a technical mission, simply maintaining the geopolitical neutrality of the Internet or will it expand to reflect ways of the Internet bridging real world geo political and cultural divisions to make One World, or Two, Three or more?


As per previous experiences of having both online and in person participants, the main speaking queue will be held online, with the online moderator monitoring this queue. A speaking queue in the room will insert speakers in the online queue. All speakers and attendees will be prompted to introduce themselves before speaking. The session will actually have key participants that will both be present in person and online, so as to put them on a par basis with all other participants.
We also expect to be using online voting/polling tools to engage the audience better on key questions.

Organizers

Olivier Crépin-Leblond, ISOC UK England, Technical Community, WEOG.
Sivasubramanian Muthusamy, ISOC Chennai, Technical Community, APG.
Alejandro Pisanty, UNAM, Academic Community, GRULAC.
Joly McFie, ISOC NY, Technical Community, WEOG.

Speakers

Veronika DATZER, Visiting Scholar, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Government, EEG.
Gunjan CHAWLA, Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University in Delhi, Academic, APG.
Vint CERF, Google, Business Community, WEOG.
Representative from ICANN (TBD)
Representative from RIPE NCC (TBD)

Onsite Moderator

Olivier Crépin-Leblond, ISOC UK England, Technical Community, WEOG.

Online Moderator

Alejandro Pisanty, UNAM, Academic Community, GRULAC.

Rapporteur

Sivasubramanian Muthusamy, ISOC Chennai, Technical Community, APG.

SDGs

1.a
1.b
3.d
4. Quality Education
5.b
8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
10. Reduced Inequalities
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
12. Responsible Production and Consumption
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions


Targets: The proposal to study the benefits of a Single Internet built on Core Internet Values, versus a splintering of the Internet breaking Core Internet Values, relates to each Sustainable Development Goal where there is a component of economic development. A single Internet is the catalyst to economic development on so many levels that its socio-economic repercussions span many SDGs, as listed above. A splintering of the Internet will hinder access to all markets depending on what "sub-part" of the Internet a country will have access to.