IGF 2022 WS #253 Towards Cyber Development Goals: Implementing Global Norms

Time
Wednesday, 30th November, 2022 (08:15 UTC) - Wednesday, 30th November, 2022 (09:45 UTC)
Room
CR6

Organizer 1: Timea Suto, ICC BASIS
Organizer 2: Sheetal Kumar, Global Partners Digital
Organizer 3: Georgiana Degeratu, International Chamber of Commerce
Organizer 4: Ross Creelman, European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association (ETNO)
Organizer 5: Arthur David, Global Affairs Canada

Speaker 1: Kaja Ciglic, Private Sector, Eastern European Group
Speaker 2: Rene Summer, Private Sector, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Jaqueline Pateguana, Intergovernmental Organization, African Group

Moderator

Timea Suto, Private Sector, Eastern European Group

Online Moderator

Ross Creelman, Private Sector, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Rapporteur

Georgiana Degeratu, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Format

Round Table - Circle - 90 Min

Policy Question(s)
  • In what way are the CDGs different from previous implementation proposals? How is this proposed scheme more implementable than the others? Where do we place its uniqueness?

  • What are the technical, legal and policy elements of a comprehensive implementation framework at the national level to enable the implementation of the existing cybersecurity acquis and the mainstreaming of cybersecurity into the development agenda?

  • What are the  capacity-building needs associated with enabling such a framework?


Connection with previous messages 

This workshop is closely connected to several of the IGF 2021 Katowice Messages, in particular, the ones related to “trust, security and stability”. More specifically, this workshop builds on and aims to take forward the following two messages from the past year: "Industry sets of good practices, standards that are globally recognised, norms and principles (such as those under the United Nations’ (UN) Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) and Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG)) that call for states to focus on the security of supply chains and reducing vulnerabilities, and regulatory instruments – like labelling and certification schemes – are also emerging. However, more stakeholders should be aware of best practices and base their work on them. Initiatives and forums, along with standardisation organisations, play an important role in gathering actors together." "It is too early to celebrate cyber norms; they must be implemented! An effective implementation, e.g. through Security by Design, must respect core basic principles such as openness and decentralisation that have made the success of the Internet." This session aims to capitalize on the IGF's global convening power to help raise awareness of existing work, processes and tools as well as to gather their feedback and input on ICC's work and recommendations intended to help implement the existing cybersecurity framework, including international law and existing globally adopted norms.


 

SDGs

1. No Poverty
3. Good Health and Well-Being
4. Quality Education
5. Gender Equality
6. Clean Water and Sanitation
8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
10. Reduced Inequalities
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
17. Partnerships for the Goals

Targets: The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) call for several advances by the year 2030. Although information communication technologies (ICT) are cited as specific targets in only four of the SDGs (4, 5, 9 and 17), we believe ICT and digital technologies play a role in the realization of all of the SDGs by equipping populations with tools to relieve poverty, access education, achieve gender parity, provide basic healthcare and financial services, conserve ecosystems and reduce CO2 emissions, economic growth or increase their resilience in the face of global crises – just to name a few. Sustainable development relies, more than ever, on secure and resilient digital networks. Cybersecurity is vital to maintain the proper functioning of our economies and societies and protect lives and livelihoods across the globe, which also links the event with core SDGs as 1, 8 and 10. Safe digital environments are also essential for SDG 3, 6 and 11 given increased digitization of the healthcare sector, energy systems and cities respectively. Finally, cybersecurity is fundamental to the achievement of peace, justice and strong institutions as aimed by SGD 16. This workshop aims to identify challenges in the implementation of the existing cybersecurity framework and discuss how to enhance mutual collaboration so that progress on all 17 SDGs can be achieved with the catalysing power of safe digital environments. Same as SDGs are common norms that drive concrete action towards sustainable development, CDGs aim to enhance multistakeholder collaboration to develop a secure and safe cyberspace.


Description

By today, cyberspace has become an intrinsic part of the development of every country, creating enormous opportunities and enabling everything from distance learning to innovation and social and economic growth. Secure, trusted, and inclusive digital infrastructure is the backbone of today’s economic and social development. With just over half of the world’s population connected to the Internet, closing the digital divide is essential to reducing inequalities and socioeconomic gaps between those with access to digital services and those without. However, with rapid digitalization come collateral risks, including in low- and middle-income countries that may lack adequate cyber resilience against constantly evolving digital threats. Growing vulnerabilities and disproportionate cyber hygiene across sectors and geographies often fall short in tackling the frequency and intensity of cyberattacks, making it a global challenge. This tension between the need for digital transformation versus the lack of a strong cybersecurity posture can be considered a risk toward achieving the SDGs and a threat to achieving safe, secure, and rights respecting online environment. While doing more to increase the resilience of digital infrastructure is necessary, it is not sufficient to break the growing trend and decrease the cyber threats that business and society are facing. Thankfully, there is ample ground to build on. Most states and international organisations have affirmed that existing international law, and especially the UN Charter in its entirety, applies to the use of ICTs by states. States have also agreed on norms for responsible state behaviour in cyberspace. Translating existing agreements into feasible actions that halt the growing trend of cyberthreats on businesses, communities and governments worldwide is long overdue. Furthermore, to empower and protect societies from increased cybersecurity risks associated with digital transformation, the international community should explore practical ways to mainstream cybersecurity capacity building (CCB) into broader digital development efforts. This is also essential for building resilient societies and promoting a whole-of-society approach to dealing with threats emanating from cyberspace. Mainstreaming cybersecurity into digital development will leverage its resilience mechanisms, supporting a safe digital transformation and thus a better and more sustainable future for all. In this context, the International Chamber of Commerce convenes this session to discuss a global multistakeholder process to agree and adopt Cybersecurity Development Goals (CDGs). Perceived as a set of aspirational and feasible goals, the CDGs aim to rally the international community to collaborate in closing digital divides, bolster resilience by fostering access to digital transformation, and enable the implementation of international law and norms to curtail malicious cyber activities. CDGs would contribute to mainstreaming cybersecurity into the development agenda by defining a set of global benchmarks and practical activities to support countries in implementing and complying with universally endorsed UN norms for responsible state behavior in cyberspace. CDGs would also provide a catalyzing function to mobilize the global multistakeholder community around achieving concrete and shared goals as well as facilitate coordination and integration of cybersecurity capacity building with existing development programs. CDGs would help define the necessary technical, legal and policy elements and capacities needed for national level implementation, whilst inspiring collective action globally. This unique bottom-up approach would bring clarity and accountability to what remains to be built to implement existing international law and norms that protect and allow all states to harness their full cyber potential in a safe and measurable way. This workshop will present the proposed concept of the CDGs and gather perspectives from all stakeholders on what such a list of goals should include, and what the process of developing them should look like. This session thus aims to kick-start a continuous dialogue and stimulate collaborative input from the international multistakeholder community.

 


About the speakers

  • Ms Kaja Ciglic, Senior Director, Digital Diplomacy at Microsoft;
  • Mr David FairchildFirst Secretary (Digital Policy and Cyber Security Affairs) at the Permanent Mission of Canada to the UN in Geneva;
  • Ms Grace Githaiga, CEO and Convenor at KICTANet;
  • Ms Jaqueline Pateguana, Clearing House Coordinator at the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise;
  • Mr Rene Summer, Director of Government and Industry Relations at Ericsson Group;

Online Participation

 

Join the meeting online via Zoom. Please make sure that you:

  1. Register to the IGF;
  2. Add this session to your schedule to be provided with the link to connect;
  3. Log-in (or create) a standard Zoom account to be able to access the meeting link;