IGF 2023 Town Hall #11 Better AI 4 Good: AI is an opportunity, not only a challenge

Issue(s)

Chat GPT, Generative AI, and Machine Learning
Future & Sustainable Work in the World of Generative AI
Virtual/Augmented Reality

Round Table - 60 Min

Description

Artificial Intelligence has the potential to transform our world for the better, and there is an increasing focus on developing AI for good. This means leveraging the power of AI to address some of the most pressing challenges facing our society today, such as healthcare, education, poverty, gender inequality, climate change, and more. AI has been a topic on the radar of theorists and experts since the 1950s. Discussions sustain some difficulty in defining it, but studies began in 1956 when John McCarthy mentioned the term in a seminar at Dartmouth University in the United States. Despite this record, investigations associated with the area of Genetics in Biological Sciences date back to 1951. Also, in 1950, Alan Turing published the study "Computing Machinery and Intelligence," in which he presented the "Imitation Game," also known as the "Turing Test." Nearly 70 years later, it seems we have more questions than answers about AI. Recent developments, specifically since the 1970s, have shifted our attention not only to the development of AI but also to how we imagine it. Movies and books have populated our minds, telling us what AI would look like and how our future would be surrounded by digital technology. As we well know by now, we are not yet near Blade Runner, Neuromancer, Minority Report, I Robot, or Her, but our imaginaries are quite suggested by the reality created by the entertainment industry, which also follows a rather pessimistic feeling towards AI. Indeed, risks and challenges regarding Artificial Intelligence are often the mainstream thought around the technology. There are good reasons for that, and AI, like all digital technologies, should be regulated in order to foster, promote, ensure, and defend human and digital rights. Luckily for us, AI has the capacity to do that, and we humans just have to shift its development towards a fair, equitable, and prosperous world for all. In our session, Better AI for Good, we will bring examples of how AI is tackling contemporary challenges and offering creative and sustainable solutions in many countries and regions. We will host experts from four continents to share how AI is leaping forward developments in the areas of language diversity, environment and climate technology, women and girls empowerment, gender equity, economic prosperity, education, and health. We will showcase, under a critical overview, a Better AI for Good, bringing opportunities so we humans can design the future we want for our following generations. AI has the potential to be a powerful tool for positive change in the world, and it must be developed and used responsibly. As we continue to explore and innovate in this field, it is essential that we keep the principles of ethics, equity, and sustainability at the forefront of our minds. By working together and leveraging the power of a Better AI for good, we can create a brighter future for all. At the end of our session we will write the Manifest “Better AI for Good” and we will deliver it back to the IGF community so we can join our efforts to embrace this exciting technology with a commitment to making the world a better place.

The session will be conducted in a Hybrid way with participants from all around the world. As it is a hybrid conference, we plan to promote a gathering of experts mediated by the device EULE, which is a 360 degrees camera that captures online video and audio from participants and uploads them to any given video call platform, so onsite and online participants can interact. The only requirement to install the EULE is to have a space in which in presence participants can sit in a circle and where a microphone. We plan to promote a hybrid gathering with onsite and online participants, on which IGF participants will be able to approach and interact, as well as make questions and raise concerns. At least 4 people will be present and we are searching for funding to bring the rest of the group. In the next following months, participants will be confirmed and may be added to the list according to their interest, relevance, and diversity. Important to say that our proposal will approach inclusion in two ways: inviting people who are part of unprivileged groups and sharing their perspectives about misinformation in this territory. We intend to promote an inclusive debate about the possibilities AI offer to many challenges. Finally, we plan to discuss how intersectionality can improve internet governance, especially when it comes to making decisions in southern countries.

Organizers

🔒 Instituto Vero
Dr Beatrice Bonami, Head of Funding, Science and Innovation, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Isabela Inês - Junior Researcher, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Rodger Richer - Full Researcher, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Victor Durigan - Head of Institutional Relations, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Larissa Machado - Junior Researcher, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Thais Aguiar - Junior Researcher, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Victor Vicente - Head of Content, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Matheus Soares - Designer, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Agenor Neto - Content Creator, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Caio Machado - CEO, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Camila Tsuzuki - Head of Operations, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean Danuza França - Head of Finance, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean

Speakers

Dr. Beatrice Bonami - Head of Funding Science and Innovation - Instituto Vero, Brazil/ Latin America and the Caribbean Joana Varon - CEO - Coding Rights, Brazil/ Latin America and the Caribbean Dr. Tillman Gocht - CEO - Machine Learning Excellency Cluster in Tübingen, Germany/Europe Bushra Ebadi - Researcher - United Nations University, Portugal/Europe Dr. Paula Helm - Assistant Professor at University of Amsterdam at the Digital Humanities, Netherlands/Europe Dr. Fausto Gianchiullia - Full Professor at University of Trento Computer Science Department, Italy/Europe Dr. Chico Camargo - Assistant Professor at University of Exeter at the Computer Science Department, United Kingdom/Europe Dr. Mor Bakhoum - Lead Researcher - Max Planck Partner Group, Senegal/Africa Dr. Lucio Pinto - Full Professor at the Engineer Institute at the National University of São Tomé e Principe, St. Tome and Prince/Africa Dr. Prince Osei - Professor at the African Insitute of Mathematical Sciences, Rwanda/Africa Dr. Han-Ei Chew - Senior Research Fellow at Institute of Policy Studies, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Singapore/Asia

Onsite Moderator

Isabela Inês - Junior Researcher, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean

Online Moderator

Rodger Richer - Full Researcher, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean

Rapporteur

Dr Beatrice Bonami, Head of Funding, Science and Innovation, Instituto Vero / Brazil - Latin America and the Caribbean

SDGs

1. No Poverty
1.a
2. Zero Hunger
2.a
3. Good Health and Well-Being
3.d
4. Quality Education
4.1
4.2
4.5
4.6
5. Gender Equality
5.1
5.a
5.b
7. Affordable and Clean Energy
7.b
8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
8.2
8.6
9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
9.5
9.a
9.b
9.c
10. Reduced Inequalities
10.2
15. Life on Land
15.9
15.a
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
16.6
16.7
16.8
17. Partnerships for the Goals
17.6
17.7
17.8
17.9


Targets: Better AI 4 Good is a session that contributes to multiple SDGs, including ending poverty, promoting gender equality, ensuring good health and well-being, reducing inequality, and promoting sustainable infrastructure. This session aims to explore the positive impact of artificial intelligence (AI) and how it can be leveraged for the betterment of society. Through this approach, Better AI 4 Good seeks to support the global community in achieving a sustainable future. Our session relates to several SDGs and targets, from which:

SDG 1 End poverty in all its forms and everywhere.
Target 1.a
Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions.

SDG 2 Zero Hunger.
Target 2.a
Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries

SDG 3 Good Health and Wellbeing
Target 3.d
Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

SDG 4 Quality education
Target 4.1
By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
Target 4.2
By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
Target 4.5
By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations
Target 4.6
By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy

SDG 5 Gender Equality
Target 5.1
End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
Target 5.a
Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
Target 5.b
Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women

SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy
Target 7.b
By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

SDG 8 Decent Work and Economic Growth
Target 8.2
Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
Target 8.6
By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training

SDG 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Target 9.5
Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
Target 9.a
Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
Target 9.b
Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
Target 9.c
Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

SDG 10 Reduced Inequality
Target 10.2
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

SDG 15 Life on Land
Target 15.9
By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
Target 15.a
Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

SDG 16 Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Target 16.6
Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
Target 16.7
Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
Target 16.8
Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

SDG 17 Partnerships to achieve the Goal
Target 17.6
Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
Target 17.7
Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
Target 17.8
Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology
Target 17.9
Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation

In conclusion, Better AI 4 Good has the potential to contribute to multiple SDGs by leveraging AI to tackle social and environmental challenges. By enhancing the capabilities of developing countries and promoting access to sustainable infrastructure, education, and healthcare, we can create a better world for all. The SDGs are interlinked, and the success of one goal often leads to the progress of another. Therefore, AI is an important step towards achieving a sustainable future for all.